Your skin is like your body's protective cover and that makes it all the more important to keep it safe from these conditions.
Your skin is one of the most important and largest organs in your body. It's like a protective cover that warms you when it's cold and cools you when it's hot, according to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD). Part of its responsibility is to keep unwanted elements like germs and water out. And because it's literally all over your body, it could make it all the more important and all the more vulnerable to a number of disorders.
It's crucial for you to know some of the most common skin disorders that are prevalent in the country because the number of people affected by them is higher than the number of people affected by heart diseases, diabetes or end-stage renal disease in America, according to findings in 2013. “The impact of skin disease in this country is staggering, affecting one in every four Americans each year and taking a toll on lives, livelihood and our economy,” said Dr. Henry W. Lim, who was president of the AAD.
These are some of the most common skin conditions that you need to know of, and if you notice them developing on your skin, it's best to seek medical help, get yourself the right treatment and make sure the symptoms don't develop into something more serious:
About 50 million people in America are affected by acne every year. Although it is thought to be something that affects mostly teenagers, adults too can struggle with it. Apart from pimples, even blackheads, cysts and nodules also fall under the category of acne, and they are usually caused due to blocked hair follicles and oil glands of the skin. Hormonal changes could be one of the main triggers, according to Drugs.com. They can appear on your face, neck, chest, shoulders, and upper back, according to the Dermatology & Laser Group.
About 7.5 million individuals in America struggle with psoriasis and it mainly occurs in people falling in the age bracket of 45 and 64. Although there is no cure for this condition, your dermatologist will be able to suggest ways through which you can manage the symptoms, according to Mayo Clinic. The most typical symptoms include patches that are red in color having thick silvery scales, severely dry and cracked skin that might start bleeding, itching or burning sensations, and swelling at your joints.
About 16 million people in America are affected by this skin disease. It usually affects women who have crossed the age of 30, and the most typical signs include the swelling of your face, redness, pimples, and prominent blood vessels. This condition makes your skin highly sensitive, and anything that aggravates rosacea to flare would be possible triggers, like heat, sunlight, hairspray, stress, alcohol, makeup, and skin care products, certain medication and even spicy food.
A sunburn is a condition that is best prevented, instead of trying to find a cure after it occurs. It typically occurs when your skin is exposed to an excessive amount of ultraviolet light, due to the sun or from sunlamps. The effect usually leaves your skin red, hot, and painful when you touch your skin. You might also notice that your skin is peeling away after a sunburn. If you're exposed to sunburns, again and again, it can increase the chances for skin cancer, especially if children experience it. If you notice a sunburn, make sure you get out of the sun and take a cool shower, without using a harsh soap on your body. Keep yourself well hydrated and use aloe vera or a light, oil-free moisturizer while your skin is still damp after a shower. Ask your doctor if you need to take anything else, especially if you experience fever, chills or severe blistering.
This condition causes red, blistered rashes that can appear anywhere across your skin. Herpes zoster is caused by the varicella-zoster virus, which is the same virus that gives rise to chickenpox. Herpes is best treated when it's found early, otherwise, it can be quite painful, and can be experienced with a headache, fever or fatigue. Individuals who are seniors or have a weak immune system are at higher risk.
It's likely that 20 percent of people have been affected by hives at some point in their lives, according to the American College of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology. It typically appears as red or skin-color bumps or looks like a rash with mild to severe itching. Sometimes it even disappears quite quickly. It could be triggered by a number of factors, such as viral infections (such as common cold, infectious mononucleosis and hepatitis), food items (such as peanuts, eggs, nuts and shellfish) certain medication (such as antibiotics, aspirin and ibuprofen), bacterial infections (such as urinary tract infections and strep throat), pollen, certain plans (such as poison oak and poison ivy), latex, insect stings or bites, and other aspects such as pressure, temperature, exercise or exposure to sun.
The most common cancer in America is skin cancer, according to the American Cancer Society, and it was also pointed out that more cases of skin cancers are diagnosed in America every year than all other cancers put together. There are different types of skin cancers, such as basal cell carcinoma (symptoms include a pearly or waxy lump, a sore that might recur even after healing and might be bleeding or scabbing), squamous cell carcinoma (symptoms include a nodule that's firm and reddish in color, a lesion that is flat with a scaly and crusted outer layer), melanoma (symptoms include large brown spots, a mole that changes in size, color and might even bleed, a lesion that pains, itches or buns, lesions that develop over your palms, soles, fingertips or toes) and others.